In the province of Malaga there are more than a hundred of castles and fortresses although many of them were destroyed after the Christian Reconquest or are in a state of ruin. The most of them were building during the Muslim period and others were older, from the period of the Romans or Phoenicians, but they had their heyday during the Muslim period.
It is in the capital, in the city of Malaga, where we contemplate three of the best examples of fortified buildings that exist in the province: the “Alcazaba”, “Gibralfaro Castle” and the “Coracha”. The Alcazaba is occupying the east end of the city walls on a hill 130 meters high. It is possible that originally was a Phoenician construction, but surely was Roman and later Arab. Residence of Muslim and Christian kings and rulers, was built by Badis–Maksan and between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries, was renovated and merged with the Gibralfaro Castle, a building that occupies much of the top of the mountain of the same name. The Coracha is the wall that connects the two buildings. For more information, click here.
Other major fortifications of the Malaga province are in coastal municipalities. In Fuengirola is located the Sohail Castle, built in the mid-tenth century by Abd al-Rahman III on a hill by the sea. Although it was virtually destroyed during the Christian reconquest, now fully restored and used as a concert hall. In Marbella in addition to remains of the ancient city walls, also find remains of its Moorish castle of the X century. In Estepona, ruins of the walls of the “Nicio castle“ (IX century) and watchtowers along its coastline as “Torre Arroyo Vaquero”, “Los Baños”, the “Guadalmansa” or the “Velerín”, among others.
Once inside the province, there are some municipalities that stand out in this chapter of fortified buildings: Antequera with its Alcazaba and declared a National Monument set in which highlights its Homage Tower (Torre del Homenaje) that is considered amongst the largest of al-Andalus, with the exception of the Calhaorra in Gibraltar. It is surmounted by a Catholic bell tower/chapel (Templete del Papabellotas) added in 1582.
Ronda with the old Urban Walls of XII century, and the door “Almocábar” as one of the best known. Built in the thirteenth century and was modified under Charles V. It consists of three successive doors plus two side semicircular towers. These served as housing for the guard. Its name comes from the Arabic “Al-maqabir” as it is located near the old Muslim cemetery.
Teba, with its Star Castle (Hisn Atiba) The fortress, which no previous archaeological evidence relevant to the Almohad Empire period although it is estimated that it was the Romans who began construction occupies an area of 25,000 square meters (the biggest castle in Malaga) and has two walled enclosures. The exterior adapts to the ground, has Barbican northeast and has 18 square towers, except for a circular located northeast and another octagonal to the north. It has three doors, the front facing west, towards Ronda, and two smaller, facing north and northeast.
Another facilities very interesting are the “Hisn Canit” Castle located in Cañete La Real and the “Bentomiz castle” in Arenas. But these are only a little sample of all the fortress, castles and watchtowers that nowadays are preserved, most of them are not very impressive buildings but a lot of them have been witness the most important events in the history of the region.