Debt bondage control

Debt bondage involves charging fees to victims for transport, accommodation, food and a range of other “expenses” that have allegedly been incurred by the traffickers. These expenses are often completely fictitious or greatly exaggerated.

Interest charged on the “debt” is frequently very high and further charges are often added to the bill, for example rent on rooms in brothels or deductions for costs of living for domestic servants. Fines may be imposed for a range of “offences” that are devised by the traffickers.

It is often impossible for the victim to pay off the debt due to the combination of high interest rates and constant additions to what are “owed”.

Victims may be told that they will only have to pay for their travel etc. when they are working but are not told how much this will be or what they will have to do to earn the money.

In some cases the victim may pay cash up front believing they are to be smuggled, only to be asked for more money en route; the reality is that they have been trafficked and the “debt” will be used to control and exploit them.

In some cases victims have been able to pay off a debt bond. In such cases, traffickers may need to remove the victim as she or he presents independent competition to their operations.

In other cases, such victims may be promoted and become part of the trafficking network.

The psychology behind such “promotions” is explained in module 3 on “Psychological reactions of victims of trafficking in persons”.

 

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EVS experiences in Arad

Empower your EU citizenship

EVS experiences in Arad

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