Victims are likely to be easier to control if the traffickers involve them in colluding with what they are being forced to do. For instance, traffickers involved in sexual exploitation may give victims a little money. Accepting the money can have the psychological impact on the victim of making them feel they are getting benefit from their exploitation making them “guilty”. The victim may accept the money because they feel it gives them some benefit at least from their exploitation and it may allow them to support their families.
Victims who have been partially deceived may be particularly vulnerable to collusion control.
A woman who knew she was going to work as a prostitute may feel she can do nothing about the fact she did not consent to sex every time, or without a condom and/or to a certain sexual act.
Collusion in criminal acts frequently features in trafficking cases. Where a person is trafficked across international borders, they may have entered a state illegally or entered legally but broken immigration laws by overstaying or working outside the terms of their visa.
Victims of trafficking in persons may have committed acts that are illegal, e.g. pickpocketing, theft, credit card and cheque fraud or transport of drugs. Victims may have committed acts that are illegal in some jurisdictions: begging, prostitution, or some forms of it. Such acts may not be illegal in the destination State, but they may be illegal in their country of origin or vice versa.
Trafficking victims may have taken illegal drugs for a number of reasons: when administered by traffickers, to “escape” from their situation or because they were addicted before they were trafficked.
Anyone who has committed a crime (or believes what they have done is a crime) is vulnerable to blackmail to ensure his or her compliance.
“Promotion” to membership has been seen in a number of cases, particularly those involving sexual exploitation. People who were originally trafficked, may become recruiters, escorts or may act as enforcers, “maids” or “kitchen mamas” in brothels. Collusion of this type is complex in its origins and difficult to investigate. On one hand, law enforcement agencies are faced with a person at the heart of the trafficking, on the other a possible victim who has been exploited.