Human trafficking indicators

Not all the indicators listed below are present in all situations involving trafficking in persons.

Although the presence or absence of any of the indicators neither proves nor disproves that human trafficking is taking place, their presence should lead to further enquiries or investigation.

Victims of trafficking in persons can be found in a variety of situations. You can play a role in identifying such victims.

People who have been trafficked may:

– Believe that they must work against their will;

– Be unable to leave their work environment;

– Show signs that their movements are being controlled;

– Feel that they cannot leave;

– Show fear or anxiety;

– Be subjected to violence or threats of violence against themselves or against their family members and loved ones;

– Suffer injuries that appear to be the result of an assault;

– Suffer injuries or impairments typical of certain jobs or control measures;

– Suffer injuries that appear to be the result of the application of control measures;

– Be distrustful of the authorities;

– Be threatened with being handed over to the authorities;

– Be afraid of revealing their immigration status;

– Not be in possession of their passports or other travel or identity documents, as those documents are being held by someone else;

– Have false identity or travel documents;

– Be found in or connected to a type of location likely to be used for exploiting people;

– Be unfamiliar with the local language;

– Not know their home or work address;

– Allow others to speak for them when addressed directly;

– Act as if they were instructed by someone else;

– Be forced to work under certain conditions;

– Be disciplined through punishment;

– Be unable to negotiate working conditions;

– Receive little or no payment;

– Have no access to their earnings;

– Work excessively long hours over long periods;

– Not have any days off;

– Live in poor or substandard accommodation;

– Have no access to medical care;

– Have limited or no social interaction;

– Have limited contact with their families or with people outside of their immediate environment;

– Be unable to communicate freely with others;

– Be under the perception that they are bonded by debt;

– Be in a situation of dependence;

– Come from a place known to be a source of human trafficking;

– Have had the fees for their transport to the country of destination paid for by facilitators, whom they must pay back by working or providing services in the destination;

– Have acted on the basis of false promises.

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